Voluntary Agreement Examples: International

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The Asia-Pacific Partnership for Clean Development and Climate (APP) is a multilateral initiative by seven countries—Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea, and the United State—for addressing air pollution, energy security, and climate protection.  Founded in 2005, the APP is aimed at promoting regional development and poverty eradication while improving climate outcomes.  Among various goals, facilitating technology and information-sharing between members stands out.

Issues include (1) the motives of the member countries; (2) how the APP fits into, and changes, the global climate treaty regime; (3) compliance and enforcement issues; (4) the APP’s role in development and poverty eradication; (5) the potential for economic benefits to various members; and (6) the increasingly important role of India and China as leading carbon-emitting nations.