Tax Examples: Carbon-Specific Taxes in Australia and Oceania

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Two carbon specific policies have been proposed and defeated in Australia. In 2007, the Productivity Commission proposed a carbon tax. Months later, the Rudd government joined state governments in promoting the emissions cap-and-trade system endorsed by the Garnaut Climate Change Review. Neither initiative was implemented. In 2010, a proposal was presented at the Australian National University for a carbon tax on principal emitters.

The Fifth Labour Government in New Zealand also proposed a carbon tax in 2005. The initiative was defeated. In 2008, the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme was implemented. The Scheme is an all-sectors, all-gasses trading program.