Low-Carbon Technologies: Wind Power

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Wind power is a low-carbon and renewable source of energy that represents an alternative to traditional carbon-based sources.  Collected through wind turbines (often built in large numbers as wind farms), wind power is becoming an increasingly popular form of energy supply across the world.  In Europe in particular, its development has been facilitated by large governmental subsidies in many countries.

 

Among the key issues involved in the use and growth of wind power for energy supply are: (1) the intermittency of wind, (2) the need to use all output when generated, and (3) distance of production from high-population areas for usage.  Efforts are being made to locate wind turbines closer to high-population areas. But further research and development and technologies are necessary before wind may serve as a significant form of energy generation in many areas.

 

In addition, there are mixed reactions by residents that live near many wind farm locations.  While some have been largely supportive of their development, others complain about the aesthetic harm and psychological impacts (including noise and shadows) that result from the turbines’ usage.