Low-Carbon Technologies: Waste Management Measuring, Reporting, and Verification (MRV)

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Generally, models are used to help achieve the desired balance between cost and emissions minimization.  Generalized local waste management systems may be integrated into a national model under the MWS model.  This model incorporates cost minimization and emissions accounting, and it is useful for evaluating waste management technologies and policies.  Although it was developed for Sweden, it can be used in other countries as well.  Another model, called IDOM (inexact dynamic optimization model), has been suggested as well.  IDOM can be used for not only cost-emissions optimization, but also for optimization under different emissions control standards.  Yet another model, SISMan (simple integrated system management), can be used to help determine the feasibility of a planned energy-from-waste investment.  The two main variables in this model are the price of the waste-derived fuel (WDF) at the gate of the energy-from-waste plant and the waste management fee (WMF).