Low-Carbon Technologies: Transport North America

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North American transportation mitigation studies have mostly focused on the United States’ policies and initiatives.  The United States’ transportation sector is a significant contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions.  However, recent concerns about the security and reliability of the gasoline market and changes to the world’s climate have precipitated the need to alter the structure of US transportation.  Policy discussions have addressed potential means of reconciling long-term energy and environmental goals with currently implemented fuel standards.   Potential changes include improved vehicle technologies, increased low-carbon fuel usage, incentivizing reductions in travel, fuel taxes, increases in fuel economy standards, tax credits for purchasing fuel-efficient vehicles, and many other options.  There are viable alternatives for fuel use and vehicle structures for light and heavy duty, air, rail, marine, agriculture, and construction vehicles.