Low-Carbon Technologies: Transport Europe

  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /hermes/bosnaweb19a/b696/ipg.chicagoclimateonline/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /hermes/bosnaweb19a/b696/ipg.chicagoclimateonline/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 744.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /hermes/bosnaweb19a/b696/ipg.chicagoclimateonline/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 24.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /hermes/bosnaweb19a/b696/ipg.chicagoclimateonline/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 134.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /hermes/bosnaweb19a/b696/ipg.chicagoclimateonline/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 134.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /hermes/bosnaweb19a/b696/ipg.chicagoclimateonline/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /hermes/bosnaweb19a/b696/ipg.chicagoclimateonline/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /hermes/bosnaweb19a/b696/ipg.chicagoclimateonline/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /hermes/bosnaweb19a/b696/ipg.chicagoclimateonline/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /hermes/bosnaweb19a/b696/ipg.chicagoclimateonline/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /hermes/bosnaweb19a/b696/ipg.chicagoclimateonline/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 159.

European initiatives center mainly around the commitments of the European Union concerning energy use and carbon mitigation.  The EU has committed to capping emissions to 2 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial temperatures by the end of 21st century with 60-80% reduction by 2050.  These policies necessitate restructuring of fuel use, technology and infrastructure, vehicle construction, land use, and many other sectors of the continent.  To reduce the use of gasoline and diesel fuels, the EU has been investigating low-carbon renewable fuels and second-generation biofuels such as forest biomass.  Forest-based fuels will be especially viable in heavily forested regions in Northern Europe.  Vehicle technologies and consumption patterns will affect the mitigation potential of forest biofuels. 

 

The EU faces challenges in implementing uniform requirements, however, because of agricultural and industrialization variations in individual countries.  These differences affect potential policies on cap-and-trade systems and emissions taxes, although both initiatives have thus far faced more success in curbing emissions than initially anticipated.  Tax incentives to use natural gas vehicles are expected to alter fuel usage, although the current infrastructure does not support natural gas fueling stations.