Low-Carbon Technologies: Solar Design for Heating and Cooling

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Use of solar designs can reduce CO2 emissions from the buildings sector, either by reducing the amount of energy used by buildings (passive solar energy) or by reducing the amount of CO2 emitted in energy production (active solar energy).  In the former category are applications such as smart windows, low embodied energy vault roof passive houses, solar radiation and thermal capacity designs, thermal roof designs, passive cooling designs using integrated earth to air heat exchangers and solar chimneys, passive solar design strategies,  .  In the latter category are applications such as solar thermal systems, enhanced solar collectors coupled to an adsorption system, combined solar thermal and electric desiccant cooling systems, combined pellet and solar heating systems, combined ground source heat pump and solar collectors, solar water heating systems, thermal storage units combined with biomass boilers, and solar-power floor heating systems.  In one estimate, solar water heating systems could mitigate around 15-22 million tonnes CO2 annually in India alone.