Low-Carbon Technologies: Low-Carbon Energy Sources

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Low-carbon energy sources are being developed in response to a global initiative to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Ongoing investigations into the sustainability of current energy sources reveals that more efficient energy production will decrease current fossil fuel use and lower greenhouse gas emissions. However, achieving a feasible level of carbon dioxide reduction requires investment in research and development of alternative energy sources. Technologies such as nuclear power, solar power, wind power, biofuels, and fuel cells have emerged as promising alternatives to dominant energy sources.

Comparisons of various carbon-reducing technologies will indicate which energy sources are appropriate for specific geographical regions and energy-producing sectors. It is necessary to reconcile the needs of developing and developed countries with specific means of mitigating carbon dioxide emissions. Balancing environmental mitigation and economic efficiency will influence research, development and implementation of appropriate energy sources.