Low-Carbon Technologies: Land Use and Forestry South America

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Forest management and forest protection are possibly the most promising mitigation options in certain parts of South America.  The Amazon contains over a decade‚Äôs worth of carbon, so Amazonian deforestation threatens to release an immense amount of sequestered carbon.  Deforestation activities themselves are a major source of carbon emissions, so reducing or eliminating those also helps reduce carbon emissions.  Reforestation measures in South America may be a cost effective method for mitigating rising carbon emissions.  The cost effectiveness of such measures mainly depends upon opportunity costs, site suitability, certification costs, and discount rates.