Low-Carbon Technologies: Energy Supply Europe

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Europe has expressed dissatisfaction with its current energy system and has made known its desire to substantially mitigate the region's greenhouse gas emissions. Acknowledging its potential for carbon dioxide reduction, the region set a major reduction goal to be achieved by 2050. Research and development toward this end have focused on renewable energy sources and low-carbon technologies, including nuclear power, biofuels, fuel cells, wind power, and solar power. Europe intends to integrate climate and sectoral policies by applying low-carbon initiatives to such areas as transportation and industry. By carrying out cost-benefit analyses on various low-carbon energy options, the continent intends to transition to the most efficient energy sources available.

Europe also has the potential to influence other international carbon mitigation initiatives. Its influence in trade and foreign relations makes it uniquely positioned to initiate an international agenda for climate change mitigation. Evaluations on the social acceptability of implemented technologies and the economic costs of energy-sector changes will provide valuable information on the global feasibility of climate change policies and energy sources.