Low-Carbon Technologies: Energy Supply Across All Regions

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Emerging technologies such as nuclear power, solar power, wind power, and biofuels are viable options for mitigating current carbon dioxide production from fossil fuels. Other alternatives for carbon reduction include fuel switching and improving energy efficiency.

The proliferation of low-carbon technologies depends on continuing research and development of these energy sources. The costs and reliability of such technologies influence their ultimate use and associated energy policies. Focusing on the sustainability and/or reduction of global energy use will impact research on and implementation of renewable carbon-reducing technologies and alternative efficiency measures. Policies associated with changing energy supply and use are being considered on both regional and international levels.