Low-Carbon Technologies: Dedicated Energy Crops

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Renewable energy sources such as dedicated energy crops provide one way to mitigate carbon emissions.  One estimate is that biofuel production could theoretically replace one quarter of worldwide fossil fuel use. For biogas production to be successful, sufficiently high yields are necessary.  However, focusing on energy crops may lead to higher food prices and greater deforestation through land conversion.  Some analyses urge for caution and a full accounting of costs and benefits before policy choices are made.  Another impediment to successful bioenergy production is the lack of a developed supply chain, though some countries have implemented policies to alleviate this problem.