Historical GHG Emissions: Industry Across All Regions

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In its assessment of the industry sector, the IPCC focuses on iron and steel, non-ferrous metals, chemicals, fertilizers, petroleum refining, minerals (cement, lime, glass, and ceramics) and pulp and paper as primary energy intensive industries. Emissions from global industrial production have grown approximately 65% from 1970 to 2005. Industrial production accounted for about 19% of global GHG emissions in 2004.

The production of industrial goods has increased sharply. The production of cement, aluminum, steel and paper has increased 271%, 223%, 84%, and 180% from 1970 levels, respectively.

Developing nations produce a large share of industrial goods, and a large share of global industrial GHG emissions. The share of global industry GHG emissions of developing nations grew from 18% in 1971 to 53% in 2004.

The transfer of industrial production from developed to developing nations has occurred recently, with many facilities being constructed in the last decade. Some new facilities incorporate modern technology and are highly energy efficient. There is still large demand, however, for technology transfers.