Historical GHG Emissions: Europe Across All Sectors

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Total EU-23 greenhouse gas emissions were approximately 5% below 1990 levels in 2005. Emissions rose slightly in 2004 and 2005, bringing emissions to the highest level since 1997. Emissions of the EU-23 were approximately 15% of total global emissions in 2004.

The primary greenhouse gasses (GHGs) in the E.U.-25 in 2007 were CO2 (83.7%), CH4 (7.5%), and N2O (7.1%), expressed in CO2-eq. Hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride, together accounted for 1.7% of total GHG emissions in the E.U. The primary sectors contributing to overall emissions were the energy sector (79.8%), agriculture (9.2%), industrial production (8.2%), and waste (2.6%).

In the EU-25 (includes Cyprus and Malta), annual greenhouse gas emissions per capita decreased approximately 9% from 1990 to 2004. In the EU-15, per capita emissions decreased approximately 6%. Large reductions in the United Kingdom and Germany contributed significantly to this trend.