Future Emissions Projections: All Regions Energy Supply

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Globally, the average annual growth rate in primary energy consumption was 2.4% during the period 1972-1990. From 1990-2004 the rate dropped to 1.4%. This was due in large measure to improvements in energy intensity in OECD countries. Regionally, Asia has the highest growth rate in primary energy consumption (3.2%/yr).

Nearly all forecasts of future emissions from energy supply predict significant growth in demand most or all energy sources in the coming decades. Different baseline and policy mitigation scenarios produce widely different primary energy consumption emissions projections, however. Economic growth in developing countries will drive the majority of future demand. Other factors influencing projections include energy prices, projections of future energy prices, and future implications of carbon capture and sequestration programs.