Seven steps to curb global warming

TitleSeven steps to curb global warming
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsMathews, J
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume35
Issue8
Pagination4247-4259
Date PublishedAug
ISBN Number0301-4215
Keywordsgreenhouse gas emissions; carbon pricing; renewable energy sources, GREENHOUSE-GAS EMISSIONS; CARBON TAXES; CLIMATE-CHANGE; ENERGY-SYSTEMS;, KYOTO PROTOCOL; CO2 EMISSIONS; STABILIZATION; TECHNOLOGIES;, ORGANIZATION; POLICY
Abstract

Based on best current estimates that the world needs to reduce global carbon dioxide emissions by 70% by 2050, and that there is at best a 10-year window of opportunity available to initiate the enormous changes needed, this paper proposes a set of seven self-contained steps that can be taken at a global level to tackle the problem with some prospect of success. The steps are self-financing and practicable, in that they are based on existing technologies. They involve agreement to create a new international agency charged with formulating and policing a global carbon pricing regime; a complementary step involving global monitoring of greenhouse gas emissions utilizing satellite resources; taking steps to compensate developing countries for preserving rainforest as carbon sinks; the dismantling of newly created trade barriers holding back global trade in biofuels; global promotion of a transition to renewable sources of electricity through facilitation of grid interconnections with independent power producers; a global moratorium on the building of new coal-fired power stations; and recycling of carbon revenues to promote uptake of renewable energy sources in developing countries, particularly Brazil, India and China. Taken as a group, it is argued that these steps are both necessary and sufficient. They call for institutional innovations at a global level that are politically difficult but feasible, given the magnitude of the problems addressed. (c) 2007 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

DOI10.1016/j.enpol.2007.02.031