Cost-effective energy carriers for transport - The role of the energy supply system in a carbon-constrained world

TitleCost-effective energy carriers for transport - The role of the energy supply system in a carbon-constrained world
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsHedenus, F, Karlsson S, Azar C, Sprei F
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume35
Issue10
Pagination4638-4651
ISBN Number0360-3199
Abstract

The aim of this study is to examine how the options for producing electricity, fuels, and heat in a carbon-constrained world affect the cost-effectiveness of a range of fuels and propulsion technologies in the transportation sector. GET 7.0, a global energy system model with five end-use sectors, is used for the analysis. We find that an energy system dominated either by solar or by nuclear tends to make biofuels in plug-in hybrids cost-effective. If coal with carbon capture and storage (CCS) dominates the energy system, hydrogen cars, rather than plug-in hybrids tend to become cost-effective. Performing a Monte Carlo simulation, we then show that the general features of our results hold for a wide range of assumptions for the costs of vehicle propulsion technologies (e.g., batteries and fuel cells). However, sufficiently large changes in say the battery costs may overturn the impact of changes in the energy supply system, so that plug-in hybrid vehicles become cost-effective even if coal with CCS dominate the energy supply. We conclude that analyses of future energy carriers and propulsion technologies need to consider developments in the energy supply system. (C) 2010 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000278418700022
DOI10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.02.064