Climate change, enhanced greenhouse gas emissions and passenger transport - What can we do to make a difference?

TitleClimate change, enhanced greenhouse gas emissions and passenger transport - What can we do to make a difference?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsHensher, DA
JournalTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
Volume13
Issue2
Pagination95-111
ISBN Number1361-9209
Keywordscarbon tax, Greenhouse gas emissions, Passenger transport, System-wide impacts, TRESIS1.4
Abstract

The transportation sector, led by the automobile, has been cited constantly as a major contributor through human intervention to climate change. Short of banning car use, the challenge remains one of understanding better what mix of actions might contribute in non-marginal ways to reducing the growth of greenhouse gas emissions and the absolute amount of CO2 produced by automobiles. This paper evaluates instruments aimed at a number of policy objectives linked to efficiency, sustainability and equity, focusing on social surplus gains in addition to cost effectiveness; but in particular the ability to reduce CO2. TRESIS, an integrated transport, land use and environmental strategy impact simulation program, is used to assess the influence on CO2 of a number of [`]at source' and [`]mitigation' instruments such as improvements in fuel efficiency, a carbon tax, variable user charges, and improvements in public transit. TRESIS is applied to the Sydney metropolitan area with instruments enacted in 2010 up to 2015.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VH8-4RTKMXG-1/2/3e2a03ac02b790522143043c38c8d2f4